What is ORCID and who needs it? This is the first question you probably have about the Open Researcher Contributor ID. Its release date was on October 17, 2012. It had to make a digital identifier for the researchers for them to look individual.
With an ORCID identifier, you can build connection between you and your databases, publications, and other outputs of research works.
Also, there is a guarantee of integration between the grant submission and manuscript which are major research workflows. It also gives support to automated connections between a person and their professional activities to recognize their research work. There are a lot of reasons to assume that the status of ORCID in the future will have the definition of “main ID.”
There are two key functions of ORCID: (1) a registry for getting an exclusive identifier as well as managing the activity record, (2) API for supporting authentication and communication between the systems.
Under the license of an open source, ORCID ensures that there is a code. The file with public data is posted every year. There is a CC0 waiver; so, it is possible to download it for free. Thus, people get their identities the same way digital networks or content do through DOIs (digital object identifiers).
There is a problem with the exact identification of what an individual researcher has contributed into scientific literature. It is the ORCID which can address it. Most of the names are used rather often. Also, names can change or have particular cultural differences. Abbreviations of the first names can be inconsistent, especially with the use of different writing systems.
Thus, a researcher gets an individual and unique ORCID. This identifier makes it possible to recognize his or her contribution to the academic world. It is possible no matter whether the name has changed lately.
What is ORCID and what is the basis for its use? The key objective of ORCID is to support developing a research record with no unclear aspects. It also makes scholarly communication easier and allows the authors to show their knowledge in a reliable manner. Any organization that deals with scholarly cooperation and research may take part in ORCID.
There is no cost for the participation of researchers in creation, editing, and maintenance of ORCID records and identifiers.
The record data of ORCID in terms of confidentiality and privacy are under individual control of researchers.
Taking into account the privacy settings, it is possible to get record data and identifiers of ORCID through various services and APIs. They can be both free and paid. ORCID is sustainable with the help of some fees to ensure long-term functioning of the system. Stakeholders govern ORCID, while most of them are not-for-profit. The key aim is the highest level of transparency. All financial reports and summaries of the board meetings have to be posted publicly.
First of all, ORCHID makes researchers stand out among many. It gives a guarantee that research activities and outputs are visible. It makes everything clear and shows that the researcher has done that. In addition, it ensures correct connection between a researcher and his affiliations. Thus, it is not necessary to fill in a lot of forms. More than that, you can easily recognize and discover research outputs of a certain researcher.
If you use ORCID, you will be able to do tracking of your research activity. You will see all details of your research work and get credit for your contributions.
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If the ORCID is connected to the university systems through UQ eSpace, the level of identity management gets higher and the publication workflows get enhanced. So, the university finds it easier to make association between a person and his or her research activities. Building connections between the external identifiers and your ORCID, you make the research workflows automated. Thus, you spend less time on administrative activities.
More than that, ORCID can serve as a solid tool for promotion. So, you can highlight all of your contributions and demonstrate the scope of your scholarly work.
Applying for a grant, you will not type in your personal details or background data again and again. Your workflow will become much more effective.
ORCHID creates links between datasets, articles, peer reviews, and other research outputs. Thus, it helps you apply for promotion, enrich your social media profile, or extend the information on your email signature.
Integration with other services is possible as ORCHID is an open source.
ORCID has a lot of advantages and they are better seen in partnership relations. It partners with a lot of parties to help researchers cope with their administrative responsibilities. Also, organizations may see whether the funded research has impact.
One of the requirements of some journals is to provide the ORCID in submissions. There are more journals with such demands now. Other publishers may request for the ORCID from corresponding authors only.
There is a list of more than 90 journals and publishers which require ORCHID from the authors. They are eLife Sciences, Wiley, Elsevier, Springer Nature, Public Library of Science, SAGE Publications, and Hindawi and Institute of Physics Publishing. This list gets longer all the time.
In the affiliated Arab States, ORCID and ASREN have close cooperation.
The goals of ORCID and ASEP are the same. They use special standards and identifiers in publishing workflows. It is done to make the access management better and ensure proper distribution of research outputs.
The metadata structure of ORCID is in line with the ontologies of EuroCRIS CERIF. There is a special field in CERIF to store ORCID identifier.
The FAIR principles are used through GO (Global Open) FAIR. The aim is to ensure accessible data that you can easily find and reuse. The key objective is to encourage the development of principles for global innovation and research.
ORCID has the status of the Research Data Alliance Organizational Advisory Board member. It also participates in the work of the Federated Identity Interest Group and the Persistent Identifier Interest Group.
There is an established collaboration between the Coalition for Seamless Access and ORCID. They use different cooperation tools, research infrastructure, and information resources. It also cooperates with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, CERN, National Institutes of Health, and other research institutions.
ORCID cooperates with such professional associations as IEEE, AAAS, the American Chemical Society, the Modern Language Association, the Optical Society, and others.
A list of scholarly providers of sharing service includes Dryad, Almetric, Peerage of Science, FigShare, CrossRef, and others.
There is established partnership between ORCHID and key research universities, in particular Cal Tech, Texas A&M, University of Michigan, Harvard University, MIT, and others.
Realization of ORCHID mission is easier through the partnership with a lot of organizations. As interoperability improves, it leads to higher level of sharing results in research and discoverability.
The mission of ORCID is to add an identifier to the name of an individual researcher. It is an innovative approach other from identification on the basis of nationality or discipline. As a non-for-profit US organization, ORCID represents hundreds of government agencies, publishers, academic societies, funding bodies, research firms, research institutes, and other organizations. The integration of ORCIDs takes place on different Internet platforms and submission systems for journal manuscripts.
ORCID can reach across the boundaries of the states, sectors of research, and disciplines. This hub ensures connection between the researchers and their activity through the use of ORCID identifiers. They do that in research profiles, manuscript submissions, applications for grants, and other types of systems.
Individuals use ORCID Registry for free.Conclusion
The number of users ORCID had in 2012 was 50,000. Today, it is about 9.7 million, and researchers view it as an important part of scholarly publication and research. We have prepared this information for all researchers, especially those with no experience of using ORCID.